By: Dr. Ronny Adhikarya *)
In my last Keynote Address to the 2018 International Conference on Engineering & Business Education (ICEBE) in Poland, I shared the present State-of-the-Art of the Sharing (now called Subscription) Economy‘s business models & its human resources needs in light of innovative “niche” offerings of the Disruptors (e.g., Apple, Amazon, Google, FaceBook, Uber, Netflix, AirBnB, etc.), which presently are among the world’s largest companies.
For this Conference, I focus on few innovative and competitive approaches, initiated in Asia, which reinvent & adapt some concepts, business models, and operational strategies of the Disruptors’ AI-based communication & technology enterprises, with impressive results. There are some examples of particular ideas or business models invented in the West, which were reinvented, adapted, and adopted (initially only locally) in a much larger scale and with faster growth & time frame in some parts of Asia.Furthermore, the reinvention process which manages to provide value-added or new value-creation to the original idea or business model or strategy, also appears to diffuse rapidly, widely, and globally, including in the place of origin of the invention.
Thus, here seems to be a reverse phenomenon of what was earlier called: GloCalization (Global Vision, Local Action/Adaptation). It signals a new initiative, which I called: Local Success for Global Adoption (Locus4GlobOption). The examples include the success stories of GoJek, K-Pop Culture, FlipKart, AliBaba, MakeMyTrip, Huawei’s 5G, etc., in light of the present shift from Industry 4.0 to a newer “(Super- Smart) SOCIETY 5.0” paradigm, in the midst of the rapid A.I. development.
While there are many successful and widespread technological “reinvention” going on in Asia, and adopted globally, such “Locus4GlobOption” may have created some economic & political tensions and perhaps perpetuated “Trade Wars” and a more dangerous “Technology War”. Kai-Fu Lee (2018), the famous A.I. expert, ex- President of Google China, and Venture Capitalist, predicted in his recent book on “AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order”, that the next decade will be called: “COPY from CHINA” Era.
We have seen the tremendous impact of Industry 4.0 technological applications (especially in Asia) on society, and also the controversies re. the positive & negative usage of the Internet of (Every) Thing (IOeT) during the last decade. Examples include problems of Post-Truth (fake/hoax & hate info. campaigns) phenomena, privacy issues, digital literacy gap problems, intellectual property rights matters etc.
Hence, A New Humanism for the 21st Century has been proposed by UNESCO, and
described by its ex-Director General, Irina Bokova, as follows:
“… developments across the globe call for a NEW HUMANISM that aims to create a “more inclusive society in which all humans have a chance to access knowledge and quality
education and every voice is heard in the universal dialogue.
… New humanism should prioritize a new sense of respect for multiplicity and cultural
diversity and must support media development with the goal of consolidating the new culture of peace” (see Tornero & Varis, 2010).
In 2019, Keidanren (Japan Business Federation) published Society 5.0: Co-creating
the Future, described as:
“… a purposeful effort to create a new social contract and economic model by fully incorporating the technological innovations of the 4th. Industrial Revolution. It envisions embedding these innovations into every corner of its ageing society. Underpinning this effort is a mandate for sustainability, bound tightly to the new United Nations’ Global Goals, the SDGs.
Japan wants to create, in its own words, a SUPER-SMART” SOCIETY, and one that will serve as a road map for the rest of the world…”
Japan will host its first-ever G20 summit on 28-19 June 2019 in Osaka, and this grand initiative on Society 5.0 will be on the Agenda of the Official B20 (Business 20) Summit headed by the Chairman of Hitachi corporation.
My Keynote presentation will include observations on “trans-disciplinary” & multisectoral approach, and “niching” strategies, of the reinvention process. Such an approach may have implications and lessons learned for reforms of “more of the same” educational programs & curricula, so that the focus, purpose, and method should NOT be to prepare Students for a Job, but to CREATE JOBS, and EDUPRENEURS.
Such an educational reform is the “talk of town” nowadays, esp. among learning institutions in many Asian, and other countries, due to the human/labor displacement problems/disruptions. Education must focus on mastery of proper, wise & ethical use of Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based technology applications, Machine/Deep-Learning systems, Big-Data Analytics, etc. in the Subscription Economy Era, and in global context of Post-Humanism and Super-Smart Society 5.0 needs & wants.
I will NOT be providing solutions and/or suggestions about “HOW” to improve the educational policies, strategies, management and methods, of a particular learning organization. Such an exercise is best done by its own stakeholders, based on its context, mission/vision, market needs and priorities. However, I will offer Agenda- Setting suggestions for WHAT TO THINK ABOUT in the process of leveraging a learning organization’s Tacit Knowledge Niche, and in Curriculum Review & Reform guided by a Penta-Helix Educational conceptual framework, based on contemporary best/poor practices I have observed in many countries globally.
*) Dr. Ronny Adhikarya had a 45-year career in international development assistance, serving for the World Bank, United Nations, and other international organizations. He was also associated with educ. & research institutions such as Stanford Univ., the East-West Center, and had conducted training in many learning institutions worldwide. He retired from the World Bank in 2003, and was then reappointed as the Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO)/United Nations Representative & Country Director (w/Ambassador-level credentials) for Pakistan.
At the World Bank, he directed the Knowledge Utilization through Learning Technologies (KULT) Program, which included franchising, & marketing demand-driven educational/training services to ensure financial heath & sustainability as part of institutional/staff capacity development programs. He promoted the improvement of training quality and effectiveness through excellence in customer service and appropriate uses of interactive & distance or mobile learning technologies, cyber-marketing, quality assurance, peer-based & participatory knowledge management, sharing and utilization.
Originally from Indonesia, Dr. Adhikarya since 1972 has undertaken professional assignments & official missions in 50 countries, and travelled to a total of 98 countries. He has written 8 books (two are also available in electronic/CD-ROM version) on communication, extension, training and education subjects published in Germany, Italy, England, USA, Singapore and Malaysia as well as numerous book-chapters, journal articles, and consulting reports.
Dr. Adhikarya has served various international advisory boards/committees of several leading development organizations and/or educational or training institutions in Singapore, Thailand, England, Switzerland, etc. He obtained his Masters from Cornell Univ. and his Ph.D. from Stanford Univ. He now lives in the “Silicon Valley” of California and Honolulu, Hawaii, where he also serves as a member of the Board of Directors of the Hawaii-Indonesia Chamber of Commerce (HICHAM).
Books: Google: “Ronny Adhikarya”, and see Books Section
Given their increasing diffusion, deep learning networks have long been considered an important subject on which teaching efforts should be concentrated, to support a fast and effective training. In addition to that role, the availability of rich data coming from several sources underlines the potential of neural networks used as an analysis tool to identify critical aspects, plan upgrades and adjustments, and ultimately improve learning experience. Analysis and forecasting methods have been widely used in this context, allowing policy makers, managers and educators to make informed decisions.
The capabilities of recurring neural networks--in particular Long Short-Term Memory networks--in the analysis of natural language have led to their use in measuring the similarity of educational materials. Massive Online Open Courses provide a rich variety of data about the behaviors of online learners, and an analysis of learning paths provides insights related to the optimization of learning processes, as well as the prediction of outcomes and performance. Another active area of research concerns the recommendation of suitable personalized, adaptive, learning paths, based on varying sources, including even the tracing of eye movements. In this way, the transition from passive to active learning can be achieved.
Challenges and opportunities will be discussed.
Ugo Fiore, Ph.D
|University of Naples
Faculty of Management in Production and Transportation, Department of Management
Dipartimento di Studi Aziendali e Quantitativi Università di Napoli Parthenope Via G. Parisi, 13, 80132
Ugo Fiore, Ph.D., is with the Department of Management Studies and Quantitative Methods at Parthenope University of Naples. He is also an adjunct professor at Federico II University of Naples. Earlier, he had been working for ten years in the telco industry. His research interests include nonlinear analysis, deep learning, anomaly detection, optimisation, energy-aware systems, covert communications, and security. He has authored or co-authored more than 40 papers on international peer-reviewed journals. He is serving as Associate Editor with two journals and is a member of the editorial board in three other journals. He has been invited as a keynote speaker in an international conference, has participated to the organizing committees of numerous conferences, and serves as a reviewer for several journals. He regularly sits in PhD examination boards in foreign universities.